Talent Management could very soon replace traditional Human Resource Management within companies. This book explores this new concept and questions the progressive drift from one notion to the other. Talent is a unique combination of various outstanding skills. Companies are doing their best to attract, retain and make talents effective in the turbulent context of business in a global economy. The book provides the cultural and business context of “talent”. After exploring what talent management concretely means in terms of policies and practices, the HR professional and the scholar will have a clear picture of the potential opportunities and limits of talent management.